The Bible and Apartheid
Contested Interpretations in the History of Christianity
in South Africa and Beyond
Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag 2019
ISBN 978-3-447-11222-2 (262 pages)
The starting point of this book is the troubling insight that apartheid was a Christian project. Its theological justification was formulated by Christian theologians such as Totius or E.P. Groenewald. Even the segregated state-structure had been prefigured by Dutch Reformed church orders. At the same time the struggle against apartheid was led by many Christian actors such as Desmond Tutu or Allan Boesak. They opposed the racist system in South Africa and made arguments based on biblical interpretations.
This book analyzes the ambivalent role Christian actors played during apartheid. It is a study in the intersectionof biblical interpretation, hermeneutics, and history of Christianity in South Africa and beyond.
Dr. Moritz Gräper serves as vicar of the Evangelical Church of Westphalia (Germany). He used toresearch and teach at the University of Münster. His experience as a volunteer at a Lutheran chruch in Johannesburg as well as the encounter with Wolfram Kistner (1923-2006) and other time-witnesses of the struggle sparked his interest in the theological history of apartheid in South Africa.