John Higginson: Collective Violence and the Agrarian Origins of South African Apartheid

Agrarian Origins of South African Apartheid 1900-1948

John Higginson:

Collective Violence

and the Agrarian Origins of South African Apartheid,

1900-1948

 New York 2015, ISBN 978-1-107-04648-1 (395 pages)

This book examines the dark odyssey of official and private collective violence against the rural African population and Africans in general during the two generations before apartheid became the primary justification for the existence of the South African state. John Higginson discusses how Africans fought back against the entire spectrum of violence ranged against them, demonstrating just how contingent apartheid was on the struggle to hijack the future of the African majority.

John Higginson is Professor of History at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. He is also a research-fellow in the College of Human Sciences and the department of history at the University of South Africa in Pretoria, South Africa. He is the author of A Working Class in the Making: Belgian Colonial Labor Policy, Private Enterprise and the African Mineworker, 1907-1951 (1989). He has written numerous articles and book-chapters on South Africa and the regional economic system of southern Africa.

Contents

List of figures   page iv

Preface   vii

PART I.   THE ASHES OF DEFEAT

Introduction     3

The Etiology of Guerrilla Organization in the Western Transvaal, July 1900 to December 1902      33

Peonage or Empire?:  The Reconstruction of White Supremacy   69

Milnerism, the “Chinese Labor Experiment,” and the Advent of Het Volk    105

PART II.   SIDESTEPPING THE KING’S WRIT

Ministering to the Dry Bones of White Supremacy: From Union and the 1913 Natives Land Act to the 1914 Rebellion   133

A Glass Brimming Over: The Failed 1914 Rebellion in Rustenburg and Marico   155

Turbulent Cities, Smoldering Countryside, 1914-1922    183

After the Rebellion, Before the Pact, 1919-1924    234

PART III.   A HOOFDLEIERE OR BOERE REPUBLIC?

The Pact, the Depression, and the Stillborn Republic, 1924-1933    261

A Thousand Little Hoofdleiere, 1934-1948    307

Epilogue    355

Bibliography     367

Index    383

Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/9781107046481

Ben Khumalo-Seegelken

21.01.2015

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